Science & Technology

India launches Brazil’s first indigenous observation satellite

New Delhi, Feb 28 (efe-epa).- India on Sunday successfully launched Amazon 1, the first observation satellite fully designed, manufactured and operated by Brazil, as part of the close space collaboration between the two countries.

The launch was carried out with a PSLVC51 polar vehicle at 10.24 am local time (4.54 GMT), from the Sriharikota base in the southeastern state of Andhra Pradesh, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) reported.

“Primary satellite mazonia1 successfully separated from SLVC51,” ISRO said on its official Twitter handle.

At launch, the first by NSIL – the commercial branch of ISRO -, another 18 secondary satellites were also sent, including three from Indian institutes.

“Congratulations President @jairbolsonaro on the successful launch of Brazil’s Amazonia-1 satellite by PSLV-C51. This is a historic moment in our space cooperation and my felicitations to the scientists of Brazil,” Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Twitter.

In a statement, the Indian Foreign Ministry stressed how the “space sector has been identified by the leadership of India and Brazil as a major area of collaboration,” underscoring the signing of the first agreement in this area in 2002.

The National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazil’s state agency responsible for the development and operation of Amazonia 1, had reported the arrival of the satellite in India in December, and that it would be placed in orbit at 752 kilometers (467 miles) from the Earth.

The satellite, which has a height of four meters (around 13 feet), will capture high-resolution images to assist Brazil in its different Earth observation and surveillance programs, including one on deforestation in the Amazon region.

The images of Amazonia 1 will complement those of the CBERS-4 and CBERS-4A satellites, which Brazil already has in use to autonomously observe the Earth without relying on other countries.

CBERS is an acronym for the collaborative program, China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite.

Brazil and China have so far jointly developed and launched five satellites, two of which are still in operation, in a cooperation program that helped INPE master remote surveillance technology with cameras and sensors for earth observation.

The experience gained from the CBERS collaboration allowed Brazil to autonomously develop, manufacture, assemble and operate Amazon 1. EFE-EPA


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