Bangkok, Feb 11 (EFE).- Myanmar’s junta has approved mandatory military service for all young men and women following significant recent losses to pro-democracy militias and ethnic guerrillas across the country.
Military authorities announced Saturday night that the People’s Military Service Law, passed in 2010, is now effective.
According to the law, all men aged 18-35 and women aged 18-27 must serve for two years, while for specialists such as engineers and doctors, men can be aged up to 45 and women up to 35, and must serve for three years.
Under a state of emergency, which is ongoing in the country, military service can be extended for up to five years, while those failing to serve or cheating the medical can be jailed.
Myanmar junta forces have lost many battles and much territory since Operation 1027, in reference to the offensive by a prominent rebel alliance that began on Oct. 27 last year in Shan State, and has since spread across the country.
This has been by far the largest and most effective challenge to the army, which staged a coup on Feb. 1, 2021 against the elected government of de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been detained since.
The military has responded with air attacks against civilians, which has been denounced by human rights organizations.
The coup plunged Myanmar into a deep political, social and economic crises and exacerbated decades of guerrilla warfare in the country.
At least 4,500 people, including pro-democracy activists and civilians, have been killed as a result of security services repression, and more than 20,000 are in prison, according to data from the local Assistance Association for Political Prisoners. EFE