Copenhagen, Oct 4 (EFE).- The Nobel Prize in Physics was Tuesday awarded to scientists Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilingier for their experiments in quantum mechanics, which have helped pave the way for new technologies based on quantum information.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences honored the trio for their “groundbreaking experiments using entangled quantum states” in which two particles behave the same way even when separated.
“The ineffable effects of quantum mechanics are starting to find applications. There is now a large field of research that includes quantum computers, quantum networks and secure quantum encrypted communication,” the Academy said in a statement.
“One key factor in this development is how quantum mechanics allows two or more particles to exist in what is called an entangled state. What happens to one of the particles in an entangled pair determines what happens to the other particle, even if they are far apart,” it added.
A prize of 10 million Swedish kronor ($915,000) will be split between the laureates.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded Monday to Swedish geneticist Svante Pääbo for his work on evolutionary genetics. EFE