By Martín Coronado
Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, Feb 7 (EFE).- The loss of 25,000 jobs in the maquiladora industry of Ciudad Juárez (Mexico’s northern border), is attributed to the uncertainty that the migration plan discussed in the United States Congress has brought to the border city, National Chamber of the Transformation Industry reported Wednesday.
Mexican businessmen warned that both President Joe Biden and former President Donald Trump (2017-2021) during their campaigns have promised to interrupt the flow of migrants at the border in case of saturation.
The US migration proposal, backed by Biden although expected to fall through in Congress, includes expelling asylum seekers to Mexico and closing the common border if tmore than 5,000 people cross illegaly in a day.
Former president Donald Trump has opposed the immigration bill, as he expects to push the issue during his presidential campaign.
Thor Salayandía, National Vice President of Maquiladora and Border Zones of Canacintra, lamented that the migration policies of both countries have damaged the border economy.
“There is a lot of uncertainty due to the political discourse about border closures because of migration, and the border with the United States feels threatened, from what we have heard from the current president (Biden) and from people who want to run for election there,” he said in an interview.
Even if the bill fails, industrialists recalled that the governor of Texas, Republican Gregg Abbott, blocked the flow of cargo trucks in 2023 with checkpoints for immigration inspections.
Meanwhile, in public statements, Trump recalled the threat he made in 2019 to impose tariffs on Mexico if it did not cooperate to stop migration.
Salayandía stated that the uncertainty generated by these stances has already caused the loss of more than 25,000 jobs in the maquilas in Juárez in the last five months, and hiring is stagnant.
Businessmen in Juárez are already working on a formal claim that the Mexican government must file under the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), said Iván Antonio Pérez, Vice President of Legal Advice at the National Chamber of Commerce (Canaco) in Juárez.
“Closing the borders would cause millions of dollars in losses, not only at the borders but nationwide. In Ciudad Juárez, more than 50% of what residents consume comes from the United States, and in the last crisis we were on the verge of a supply collapse,” he said.
Next week, a request will be presented to several federal secretaries in Mexico to demand that the United States establish a Trade Facilitation Committee, a figure provided for in the USMCA, he added. EFE